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Hindenburg & Ludendorff

Hindenburg & Ludendorff

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Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff were both Commanders in Chief during the First World War and therefore in close contact with the Emperor. But according to Wilhelm II they made many decisions without consulting him first, and their relationship broke down in 1918. On 26 October, Ludendorff was dismissed:

'Ludendorff caused me so many difficulties; he interferes in all kind of political affairs that he totally does not understand. Now this leads to many complications […] Hindenburg said that if Ludendorff has to go, he also must leave, but if I order him to stay, he will obey'.

When the situation deteriorated rebellions broke out across Germany and Von Hindenburg advised Wilhelm II to flee to a neutral country. Wilhelm finally took this advice.

During his exile, the Emperor often referred to this and accused Hindenburg of not giving advice that was in his best interest. He also regularly complained that Ludendorff and Hindenburg had not sufficiently listened to him and was especially angry when Hindenburg became president of the Weimar Republic in 1925, which he considered a betrayal.